Chart

1 foot = 0.3048 meter
1 meter = 3.28 feet
1 Mile = 1760 yards = 1.6093 kilometer
1 sq. foot = 0.0929 sq. meter
1 sq. meter = 10.76 sq. feet
1 acre = 40 gunthe
1 hectare = 100 gunthe
1 acre =43560 sq. feet =4840 sq. yards = 4404 sq. meters = 0.405 hectare
1 hectare = 107600 sq. feet = 11955 sq. yard = 10000 sq. meter = 2.471 acre
1 cu. foot = 1728 cu. inch = 0.028137 cu. meter
1 cu. Yard = 27 cu. feet = 0.764553 cu. meter
1 cu. meter = 1.30795 cu. yards = 35.31475 cu. feet
1 brass = 100 cu. feet = 3.7037 cu. cu. yard = 2.835 cu. meter
1 cu. meter = 0.354 brass
1 litre water = 1 kilogram
1 litre = 1000 m.l. (c.c.)
1 pint = 0.568 litre
1 litre = 0.22 gallon = 1.76 pints
1 liquid ounce = 38 m.l.
1 gallon = 4.546 litre
1 pound = 0.454 kilogram
1 kilogram = 1000 grams = 2.202 pounds
1 quintal = 100 kilograms
1 gram = 1000 milligram
1 metric ton = 1000 kilograms
1 ounce by weight = 28.35 grams
To make 1 p.p.m. solution add 1 milligram of chemical in 1 litre of water
To make 1% solution add 10 grams (10000 milligrams) of chemical in 1 litre of water
p.p.m. = percent x 10000
percent = p.p.m. ÷ 1000

Formula to convert Fahrenheit to Centigrade :

Area of a square or a rectangle = length x width
Area of a triangle = ½ base x height
Area of a circle = 3.14 x square of radius
Volume of a square or rectangular pit = length x width x height
Volume of a round pit = Square of radius x 3.14 x depth

To estimate the number of trees which can be acommodated per acre / hectare use the following formula
Area of the plot ÷ [Distance between two trees x Distance between two rows] = Number of trees
Example : In 1 acre plot how many trees can be planted if the distance between 2 trees is 3 meters & the distance between 2 rows is 4 meters?
.:. 1 acre = 4404 sq. meters
.:. 4404 ÷ [3 x 4] = 367 trees
SEASONAL FLOWERS CHART
Name Season Name Season
Ageratum S.M.W. Helicrysum W
Amaranthus S.M.W. Hollyhock W
Antirrhinum (Snap dragon) W Kochia S.M.W.
Aster W Ladies lace W
Balsam S.M. Larkspur W
Calendula S.M.W. Lupinus W
Calliopsis S.M.W. Marigold S.M.W.
Campanula W Nasturtium W
Candytuft W Pansy W
Carnation W Petunia W
Celosia S.M.W. Phlox W
Cineraria W Pinks (Dianthus) W
Cleome S.M. Poppy W
Coleus S.M.W. Portulaca W
Cosmos S.M.W. Salvia S.M.W.
Dahlia S.M.W. Sunflower S.M.W.
Gailardia S.M.W. Tithonia S.M.W.
Gomphrena S.M.W. Zinnia S.M.W.
Note : S = Summer, M = Monsoon, W = Winter
Most of the seasonal flower seeds are sown in baskets or in nursery beds. Seedlings are transplanted in 4 / 6 leaf stage.
SEASONAL VEGETABLES CHART
SUMMER & MONSOON VEGETABLES : SOWING APRIL TO JULY
Name of the Vegetable
Method of seed sowing & seed depth in c.m.
Spacing betwwen plants In c.m.
Maturity in days after sowing
Turai, Ghosali, Doodhi, Karela, Kohla, Padwal, Kakdi, Pumpkin D – 2 120 50 to 60
Navdhari Bhendi D – 2 40 45
Gawar D – 1.5 40 45 to 50
WINTER VEGETABLES : SOWING SEPTEMBER TO NOVEMBER
Cabbage, Cauliflower T – 1 45 90
Knohlkohl T – 1 30 60 to 65
Beet root T – 1.5 30 60
Carrot T/D – 1 20 75
Turnip (Shalgam) D – 1.5 25 60
Tomato & Capsicum (Shimla mirch) T – 1.5 45 85 to 90
Onion T/D – 1 15 90
Pea (Matar) D – 2 45 50
Papdi D – 2 120 60 to 65
French beans (Fansi or Farasbee) D – 2 40 50
Radish red, round (Laal Mooli) D – 1.5 10 30 to 35
Lettuce B / T 15 60 to 70
VEGETABLES GROWN ALL YEAR ROUND
Radish white, long (Safed Mooli) D/ B – 1.5 15 45
Pusa Bhendi D – 2 30 40 to 50
Khira Kakdi D – 1.5 90 50
Chilli T – 1 45 90
Brinjal T – 1 60 90
Leafy vegetables – Math, Cholai, Palak, Ambadi, Chuka, B – 0.5 60 to 90
NOTE : D = Direct sowing, T = Seedlings to be transplanted, B = Seeds sown by broadcasting